Dulce Et Decorum Est

In Literature, we read the poem “Dulce et Decorum Est” by Wilfred Owen. We had to analyze the poem stanza by stanza and also, answer some questions about the poet and about war poetry. I did this with Margui Muller.

Publicado en 4AC2018, INGLES, Inicio, Literature | Deja un comentario

War poetry

Since we read the poem, “Dulce et Decorum Est”, by Wilfred Owen, that deals with World War 1, I have analyzed 4 more poems dealing with war. This was part of a task Pato gave us.

Task 2

Task 3

This is no case of petty right or wrong
by Edward Thomas
This is no case of petty right or wrong
That politicians or philosophers
Can judge. I hate not Germans, nor grow hot
With love of Englishmen, to please newspapers.
Beside my hate for one fat patriot
My hatred of the Kaiser is love true:—
A kind of god he is, banging a gong.
But I have not to choose between the two,
Or between justice and injustice. Dinned
With war and argument I read no more
Than in the storm smoking along the wind
Athwart the wood. Two witches’ cauldrons roar.
From one the weather shall rise clear and gay;
Out of the other an England beautiful
And like her mother that died yesterday.
Little I know or care if, being dull,
I shall miss something that historians
Can rake out of the ashes when perchance
The phoenix broods serene above their ken.
But with the best and meanest Englishmen
I am one in crying, God save England, lest
We lose what never slaves and cattle blessed.
The ages made her that made us from dust:
She is all we know and live by, and we trust
She is good and must endure, loving her so:
And as we love ourselves we hate our foe.

Analysis
This poem is an argument Thomas had with his father about the war. His father agreed with the newspapers which expressed how the Germans where inhumane. But, Thomas had patriotic beliefs. He believed that the war wasn’t about England versus Germany or injustice versus justice, he believed that patriotism had to do with freedom and how Germany was threatening their freedom.

Theme: Patriotism, freedom
Tone: Angry, bitter, ranting, weary and agitated
Literary Devices:

  • Imagery
    There are different types of imagery present in the poem, this are aggressive imagery to describe his father and contrast it with the natural imagery of England and the patriotic imagery of all England. This idea can be seen throughout the whole poem.
  • Symbolism
    “Two witches’ cauldrons”. The poet makes reference to witches since they predicted the future and were able to see different ways how the future could look like.
    “Phoenix”. Thomas uses this mythical creature to represent England and how it is rising from the ashes of the old England and also from the destruction caused by the war.
  • Personification
    Thomas personifies England as a “mother”, to show soldiers why there are fighting in the war. To convey his message about patriotism.

Illustration
The newspaper represents how the media depicted an image of the war that wasn’t entirely true. This caused people to be the type of patriot that Thomas is denouncing. The patriot that despises the German and is in favor of the war.
“I hate not Germans, nor grow hot with love of Englishmen, to please newspapers.”

The phoenix represents England. It symbolizes how England will rise from its ashes and become more powerful and more mystical. England will be able to become a powerful country.
“The phoenix broods serene above their ken”

Smile, Smile, Smile
By: Wilfred Owen
Head to limp head, the sunk-eyed wounded scanned
Yesterday’s Mail; the casualties (typed small)
And (large) Vast Booty from our Latest Haul.
Also, they read of Cheap Homes, not yet planned;
“For,” said the paper, “when this war is done
The men’s first instinct will be making homes.
Meanwhile their foremost need is aerodromes,
It being certain war has just begun.
Peace would do wrong to our undying dead,—
The sons we offered might regret they died
If we got nothing lasting in their stead.
We must be solidly indemnified.
Though all be worthy Victory which all bought.
We rulers sitting in this ancient spot
Would wrong our very selves if we forgot
The greatest glory will be theirs who fought,
Who kept this nation in integrity.”
Nation?—The half-limbed readers did not chafe
But smiled at one another curiously
Like secret men who know their secret safe.
(This is the thing they know and never speak,
That England one by one had fled to France
Not many elsewhere now save under France).
Pictures of these broad smiles appear each week,
And people in whose voice real feeling rings
Say: How they smile! They’re happy now, poor things.

Analysis
This poem by Owen was based on the war propaganda, especially on a photo of three men who were injured and the caption was ‘happy’. Even though the poem doesn’t have stanzas, it can be divided into four parts, set up of the poem (line 1-4), propaganda message(line 5-17), how things really are (line 18-23) and the ironic conclusion (line 24-26). With this poem, Owen wanted to criticize the newspapers. He wanted to show how papers told ordinary people false things about the war, only so more people would support it and be able to recruit more soldiers. But, the reality of the war was completely different.

Theme: Sorrow, patriotism
Tone: Dark, dull, ignorance, ironic, sarcastic
Literary Devices:

  • Personification
    “Said the paper”. Owen personifies the newspaper as a way to transmit his message. He uses this literary device to make it seem as if the promises that the paper are giving everyone about the war should be believed when in reality people should not believe everything they read.
  • Oxymoron
    “Undying dead”. This oxymoron is used with the purpose of conveying the feeling of the soldiers who are still alive, but the war has destroyed them as they practically look dead.
  • Irony
    “We rulers sitting in this ancient spot
    Would wrong our very selves if we forgot
    The greatest glory will be theirs who fought,”
    In this quote, Owen uses irony to show how the ‘rulers’, referring to the government, don’t enter the war. They just send soldiers to sacrifice their lives for the problems they cause. Not only this but, since the people from the government doesn’t actually fight in the war, they don’t know exactly how it is, but choose to glorify it.
  • Simile
    “ Like secret men who know their secret safe”. With this simile, Owen is criticising the papers, because they inform the people how the soldiers are victorious, yet many of them fled to France.

Illustration
The propaganda during that time made ordinary men go to war, because it made them feel important and as if it was a way to show their love for their country. It depicted the soldiers as strong men who were never tired and were proud to be there fighting for their country.
“The greatest glory will be theirs who fought,
Who kept this nation in integrity.”

The newspaper represents the false security it creates. The newspaper sells things that are false and people believe it because they are too ignorant and are brainwashed to see the reality. They believe that the war is going to benefit England in many ways when in reality it will only destroy it.
“Yesterday’s Mail; the casualties (typed small)
And (large) Vast Booty from our Latest Haul.
Also, they read of Cheap Homes, not yet planned”

In reality, the war was nothing that was shown in the newspaper and in the propaganda. Soldiers were incredibly injured and were forced to work and fight even if their body couldn’t handle it. They were living in horrible conditions and were deprived of sleep, which caused them not to work properly.
“Nation?—The half-limbed readers did not chafe
But smiled at one another curiously
Like secret men who know their secret safe.”

Publicado en 4AC2018, E-portfolio, INGLES, Inicio, Literature | Deja un comentario

The Lady in the Looking Glass: A Reflection

Activity

A)1. The mirror reflects both the picture we show society and one’s reality. It frames the truth, even if is not what one wants to see or accept. This also happens to Isabella, she is framed by society to be someone who she isn’t. She isn’t able to show her truth.
2. There is a contrast of chaos and tranquility. The outside of the house, as reflected by the mirror, is a garden that is well taken care of. The flowers are all neatly cut and there is order. There are different types of flowers in the garden, adding colors and beauty to the walls. This can show how the flowers cover the ugliness of the walls. As if it hides the truth and distracts the viewer with the different kinds of flowers. This can represent Isabella’s outer self since she creates a facade. She is able to conceal her truth with superficial objects, like the way she dresses and her social life. Whereas the inside of the house is the complete opposite. The inside of the house is a symbol of a person’s true self. The mirror shows a place of total disorder. As if one’s thoughts are all mixed and there isn’t tranquility, like in the garden. The narrator describes the inside of the house by speaking about the faded colors in the objects and how nocturnal creatures appear and start creating chaos. The way that it is narrated, conveys a dark and depressing atmosphere, which comes in contrast with the outside. It symbolizes how Isabella’s mind is the complete opposite of what she shows people. Her mind and thoughts are all scattered. There is no clarity in her head. (I combined questions 2 and 3)
4. The narrator describes Isabella in three different ways. It creates her portrait through the mood inside the room, her own imagination and with the presentation of Isabella in the mirror.
5. Since the narrator doesn’t know Isabella, the facts that are narrated are a product of their imagination. But, we could say that Isabella was rich and a spinster.
6. To imagine Isabella’s life, the narrator uses the letters that Isabella receives, the way she dresses, the garden and the cabinets were she hides the letters.
7. For the narrator, Isabella’s letters are supposed to conceal her true self. The narrator believes that if someone were to read those letters, they would be able to know Isabella. Her passions, experiences, her life. The reader of the letters would be able to connect more with Isabella.
8. According to the narrator, it is possible to know objectively one’s inner reality. This is due to the fact, that the mirror inside one’s house can reveal the inner reality of someone. The mirror can reflect both sides of a person, what we show people and who we really are, even if it may not be an image we like.
9. I believe that her conclusion would be that the inner self of an individual cannot be known. The whole story is a metaphor. The house symbolizes Isabella’s mind, whereas the garden, what Isabella shows the world. Considering this, the mirror can only tell yourself who you really are, not society itself. For society to know who you really are, your inner self, you would become the mirror. You have the choice to tell the rest your reality.
10. I think the role of the mirror in the story is to show someone’s reality. The mirror showcases both sides of Isabella, her inner and outer self. The outer self can be reflected through the garden, whereas the inner self is portrayed through the inside of the house. What the mirror is trying to convey is how we, as people, tend to show others something that isn’t true, a facade. But, once we are alone, we are our truest self. We are able to be free, in a way that we don’t feel judged by society.
11. This technique can be identified in this story since the writing shows that Woolf wrote what first cross her mind, causing the chaos that can be seen throughout the whole story, but especially when the narrator describes Isabella’s house, which is a symbol of her mind.

B) House

Garden

C) The text can be related to the story, “A Lady Through the Looking Glass: a Reflection”, because both of them, speak about similar topics. The Woolf’s story portrays the inner and outer self of Isabella Tyson. It shows two different aspects, what Isabella shows society and who she really is. Isabella Tyson is expected to be married to a man and take care of the children. She is expected to be delicate and elegant, like the garden. When in reality that isn’t who Isabella really is. Isabella is empty. She doesn’t want to show this side to society, due to the judgment she’ll receive. The text deals with what women are expected to be. What Isabella should be. The text explains that women at that time shouldn’t be writers, because that wasn’t their job or what they were meant to do. Women had to take care of the children and be housewives. This demonstrates that the views of society were not flexible causing women to be a product of mankind, rather than who they wanted to be. As mentioned previously, Woolf deals with this topic in her story through Isabella.

Publicado en 4AC2018, INGLES, Inicio, Literature | Deja un comentario

Grupo A

Como en este año es el mundial, en historia, tuvimos que realizar una presentacion sobre uno de los paises que participa. A mi me toco el pais Arabia Saudita. En mi presentacion yo me enfoque en la historia de su bandera, pero tambien hable sobre algunos de los derechos que no le son otorgados a las mujeres. Mi presentacion fue hecha en conjunto con Ines Galmarini, Rosario Vago e Ignacio Maestro Malek, ya que nos dividimos por grupos.

 

Publicado en 4AC2018, CASTELLANO, Historia, Inicio | Deja un comentario

Guion cinematográfico

Una vez leidos los libros de Martín Fierro, ambos escritos por José Hernandez, nuestra profesora decidió hacer un proyecto grupal. Este consistía en dividirnos en grupos de a seis y elegir una de las escenas sucedidas en el transcurso del relato para trabajar. Luego debíamos elaborar un guión cinematográfico y actuarlo. Yo realicé mi trabajo con Juana Perez Muniz , Silvestre Braun, Otto Kreutzer, Martina Ibarbia y Federika Marty.

Guion:

La pelea con la partida policial. La intervención de Cruz

Ext. Tapera – Amanecer/dia

Nos encontramos afuera de una tapera. MARTÍN FIERRO está tirado en el piso escondiéndose. De repente escucha las pisadas de los oficiales. CRUZ y la partida policial están en búsqueda de FIERRO.

FIERRO se levanta del piso y prueba el filo de su CUCHILLO

FIERRO

No se han de morir de antojo

OFICIAL 1

Vos sos gaucho matrero

OFICIAL 2

Vos mataste un moreno y otro en una pulpería, y aquí está la policía que viene ajustar tus cuentas; te va a alzar por las cuarenta si te resistís hoy día

FIERRO

No me vengan con relación de dijuntos: esos son otros asuntos; vean si me pueden llevar, que yo no me he de entregar aunque vengan todos juntos

(Los oficiales rodean a FIERRO)

El OFICIAL 1 le dispara a FIERRO, pero lo esquiva. FIERRO, luego, lo mata

El OFICIAL 2 está distraído con su rifle y FIERRO lo acuchilló.

Dos OFICIALES, con SABLES, se ubican enfrente de FIERRO. FIERRO pone su PONCHO en el piso. El OFICIAL 3 pisa el PONCHO y FIERRO lo quita. El OFICIAL 3 se cae de espalda. El OFICIAL 4 se va corriendo.

FIERRO

Si me salva la Virgen en este apuro, en adelante le juro ser más gueno que una malva

El OFICIAL 5 intenta matar a FIERRO con SABLE, pero FIERRO le quita el brazo antes de que lo lastime. FIERRO le arroja TIERRA a los ojos del OFICIAL 5. Mientras el OFICIAL 5 se intenta de sacar la TIERRA de sus ojos, FIERRO lo voltea.

Un OFICIAL acuchilla a FIERRO, en las costillas, con su SABLE.

CRUZ

¡Cruz no consiente que se cometa el delito de matar ansí un valiente!

CRUZ y FIERRO luchan contra los OFICIALES restantes. Los OFICIALES terminan huyendo.

CRUZ
(hacia los oficiales que se escaparon)

Que vengan otro policía a llevarlos en carreta

FIERRO hace una CRUZ de un palito y le reza a Dios. Después de amontonar a todos los OFICIALES muertos, CRUZ y FIERRO se van de la escena.

Por: María Roggero, Silvestre Braun, Otto Kreutzer, Martina Ibarbia, Federika Marty y Juana Pérez Muñiz

Video:

Publicado en 4AC2018, CASTELLANO, Inicio, Lengua | Deja un comentario

Virginia Woolf

-write down important facts about her life

-her influence on women writers

-the technique she introduced in Literature

Answers

1)-Born in a privilege english household, raised by free-thinking parents
-Raped by her half brothers
-Suffered from deep depression
-her depression got worse when her sister and mother died, and especially when har father died
-Committed suicide

2)While Woolf was alive, she was very criticised since she was a female writer. The fact that Woolf focused on women’s rights and double standards in her time while writing, since she was a feminist, influenced many women to write. Writing, as a profession, was poorly seen when being a woman, but Virginia Woolf opened a door for future women in this profession.

3)Compelling and unusual narrative perspectives, dream-states and free association prose. She walked a fine line between chaos and order when writing her novels. She implements the usage of metaphors, comparisons and imagery in her writing.

I did this work with Margui Muller

Publicado en 4AC2018, INGLES, Inicio, Literature | Deja un comentario

The Hollow of the Three Hills

This is an image I created to represent the setting of the story, “The Hollow of the Three Hills”. To start with, I put three hills in the background, then I added leaves to represent autumn, since that’s the season that the story takes place in. The green and grey part represents the hollow because it is described as a type of swamp, or at least that how I understood it. Lastly, I added both ladies since they are the main characters in the story, but, the older lady is a little bit higher than the younger one since the younger woman kneels down to be able to hear the voices.

——————————————————————————————————————-

Publicado en 4AC2018, E-portfolio, INGLES, Inicio, Literature | Deja un comentario

”Rooms” by Charlotte Mews

Symbolism of room: a prison, in this poem the voice may be a prisoner of her own mind. It can also symbolize loneliness and separated from society.

Activity 1
A)Charlotte’s life can be considered as a tragedy because three of her brothers died and two siblings were put in a mental hospital. Causing her to not marry anyone, due to the fact she was scared she would transmit and mental illness. Also, after her father’s death, she and her sister were in a bad economic situation.
B) The rooms are described as abandoned and deserted. Also, they are described as memories the voice had.
C) The paragraph talks about how the rooms represent two different aspects, love and death. Death can be seen when the voice says, “the room where we (two) lie dead”. But, love is conveyed when it says, “the room in Paris”, because Paris is known as the city of love.
D) The fact the poem starts with the phrase “I remember”, causes the voice to become sad towards her past. The tone becomes nostalgic and melancholic.
E) In my opinion, the theme is past memories and regretful and the tone is nostalgic and depressing.

After reading and analyzing the poem, “Rooms” by Charlotte Mews we had to compare it with another poem, “Home is so sad” by Philip Larkin.

Publicado en 4AC2018, INGLES, Inicio, Literature | Deja un comentario

Ensayo sobre el lenguaje

En nuestra clase Lengua nuestra profesora Camila Aliberti nos pidió que escribiéramos un ensayo y para esto nos dio a elegir dos afirmaciones, yo elegí “uno es dueño de su silencio y esclavo de sus palabras”

Las palabras son algo fundamental en la vida cotidiana de las personas, ya que nos permite comunicarnos con el resto del mundo. Pero, aunque, el lenguaje es útil, no siempre lleva a un fin positivo. Aristóteles, un filósofo Griego, dijo que cada uno es dueño de su silencio y esclavo de sus palabras. Esta frase demuestra que todo lo que digas no va a poder ser alterado, pero, todos terminamos siendo libres a la hora de decidir qué decir. Entonces, también se puede decir que todos son dueños de sus palabras y esclavos de su silencio, debido a que quedarse callado habla más que mil palabras.

Usualmente cuando hablamos no somos conscientes del efecto de nuestras palabras sobre el prójimo. Somos capaces de ver las consecuencias de nuestras palabras al terminar nuestra oración. Por lo tanto, las palabras que decimos pueden causar daño a la persona que las está escuchando. Esto hace referencia la hecho que somos esclavos de nuestras palabras. Una vez dicha nuestra oración no hay modo de retractarse, aunque nos arrepintamos de nuestras palabras. Por ende, nos quedamos atados a lo que decimos. Por que toda oración que ha salido de nuestra boca, va quedar siempre grabado en la mente de uno.
Al mismo modo que nos podemos declarar esclavos de nuestras palabras, podemos decir que somos dueños de lo que decimos. Cada uno es libre de manifestarse como quiere. Todos tenemos derecho a decir lo que queremos. Por lo tanto, todo lo que expresamos con el lenguaje es algo que creemos y apoyamos. Entonces, no se debería considerar la palabra como dueño nuestro, ya que tenemos el poder de hablar cuando y de lo que queramos, aunque pueda tener un efecto negativo en la otra persona.

En su oración, Aristóteles también hace referencia al silencio. El creía que las personas tienen poder sobre el. Este pensamiento tiene sentido, hasta punto, porque una persona astuta debe saber cuando callar y cuando no. Si volvemos a la explicación de la segunda parte de la oración del filósofo griego, se puede deducir que las palabras pueden llevarte a cometer errores que van a ser difícil de revertir. Entonces, el saber callar en el momento adecuado provoca a tener una ventaja sobre el otro. Al mantenernos en silencio, nos permite escuchar las ideas de la otra persona, lo cual te deja analizar si estas de acuerdo o no con el punto de vista se esa persona. Por lo tanto, nos deja tiempo para averiguar si es adecuado el momento para hablar o callar, lo cual demuestra la virtud del silencio y como somos capaces de utilizarlo para nuestras propias intenciones.

Previamente, mencioné que el poder sobre el silencio que uno tiene, según Aristóteles, es parcialmente correcto. Esto es debido al hecho que el silencio de uno dice más que mil palabras. Por más que el hecho de poder callar se pueda ver como una fortaleza, también se puede decir que es una debilidad. El silencio de una persona puede llegar a decir más de mil palabras. Esta idea se puede ver representada con el refrán, “el que calla otorga”. Esto significa, en un modo, la debilidad en tus argumentos, ya que, no sos capaz de refutar u oponerse a lo que el otro dice. Por ende, se le otorga una especie de victoria a la otra persona, que puede no ser del todo merecida, por el solo hecho de no ser capaz de hablar y dar tu opinión, lo cual te hace esclavo de tu silencio.

Entonces, si volvemos a la frase de Aristóteles, “uno es dueño de silencio y esclavo de sus palabras”, podemos decir que este pensamiento nos es correcto del todo. Lo que se puede interpretar de las palabras del filósofo es que, es mejor permanecer callado en vez de hablar, debido a las consecuencias de las palabras de uno. Pero, al mismo tiempo, si se sigue este pensamiento, uno puede llegar a ser un cobarde, ya que no es capaz de demostrar su verdaderos pensamientos y punto de vistas. Entonces, se puede llegar a la conclusión que las palabras de Aristóteles revelan una mirada más cuidadosa y que tiene miedo de las consecuencias de sus propias palabras.

Publicado en 4AC2018, CASTELLANO, Inicio, Lengua | 1 comentario

Short Stories: Authors

This is a collaborative presentation we did in the Literature class. This presentation contains a summary of the 12 different authors that we will read stories from.

Publicado en 4AC2018, INGLES, Inicio, Literature | Deja un comentario